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Telangana Journal of Psychiatry

Sleep paralysis: A brief clinical review

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Review Article

Author Details : Pragya Lodha, Avinash De Sousa*

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2019

Article Page : 3-6


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This brief clinical review summarizes the literature on sleep paralysis most relevant to clinicians. Sleep paralysis is a condition where the sufferer awakens to rapid eye movement sleep based atonia, combined with conscious awareness. This is a frightening event accompanied by vivid, waking dreams and hallucinations. Sleep paralysis occurring independent of narcolepsy and other medical conditions is termed isolated sleep paralysis. Though rare in clinical practice, the unusual nature of the condition and a lack of training during medical residency and graduate education leads to fewer cases being detected. This paper looks at the prevalence, risk factors, diagnosis and management of sleep paralysis. The management consists of both pharmacological and psychotherapeutic interventions that need clear guidelines, empirical support and larger randomized controlled trials.

Keywords: Sleep, Sleep paralysis, Isolated sleep paralysis.

How to cite : Lodha P, Sousa A D, Sleep paralysis: A brief clinical review. Telangana J Psychiatry 2019;5(1):3-6

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Telangana J Psychiatry. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (