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Telangana Journal of Psychiatry


Psychiatric morbidity and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with insulin versus patients treated with oral hypoglycemic agents


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Author Details : Dere Shubhangi S., Mittal Swati S., Ajinkya Shaunak A., Ghildiyal Rakesh P.

Volume : 4, Issue : 1, Year : 2018

Article Page : 41-45


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Abstract

Introduction: Chronic medical illness like diabetes mellitus is associated with significant psychiatric co-morbidity. Presence of psychopathology along with the mode of the treatment (insulin versus oral hypoglycaemic agents) can influence the quality of life in these patients. The aim of our study was to study prevalence of psychiatric morbidity and quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus and its association with mode of treatment.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional observational study conducted at medicine out-patient department of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Navi Mumbai where 100 patients with diabetes mellitus receiving either insulin or oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHA) were assessed for psychiatric morbidity using diagnostic and statistical manual V (DSM V). Patient’s quality of life was evaluated using WHOQOL-BREF scale. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 17 using descriptive statistics and unpaired t test.
Results: The psychiatric manifestations were significantly more in patients on Insulin treatment than those on OHA (54% v/s 8%, p<0>WHOQOL-BREF scale.
Conclusion: Mode of treatment in DM influences the occurrence of psychiatric morbidity and quality of life in these patients. There is a need for holistic care of patients with DM by choosing a particular treatment regimen and assessing its overall impact on patient’s QOL.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin, Oral hypoglycemic agents, Psychiatric morbidity, Quality of life

How to cite : Dere Shubhangi S., Mittal Swati S., Ajinkya Shaunak A., Ghildiyal Rakesh P., Psychiatric morbidity and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with insulin versus patients treated with oral hypoglycemic agents. Telangana J Psychiatry 2018;4(1):41-45

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Telangana J Psychiatry. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)