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Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences


Phytochemical, GC-MS and FT-IR Analysis of Papaver somniferum L


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Research Article

Author Details : S Kumaravel, P Muthukumaran*, Nimia Nimia

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2019

Article Page : 1-8


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Abstract

The present study was aimed to analysis of bioactive constituents of Papaver somniferum (Poppy seed). The ethanol extract of the seeds were subjected to Phytochemical Screening, Gas chromatography- mass spectroscopic (GC-MS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. GC-MS analysis of the seeds was performed using a Scion 436- GC Bruker model nd Interpretation on mass spectrum GC-MS was conducted using the database of National Institute Standard and Technology (NIST) and IR spectrum was recorded in spectrophotometer (Shimadzu, IR Affinity1, Japan). Phytochemical screening for seeds extracts indicated the presence of various secondary metabolites like Alkaloid, Cardiac Glycosides, Flavonoid, Phytosterols and Terpenoids. GC-MS analysis of compounds with totally, Thirty Nine volatile compounds major chemical compounds were identified, such as 9-Octadecynoic acid(30.72%), 9-Tetradecen-1-ol, acetate, (E)- (24.02%), 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid, methylester, (E,E)- (7.82%), cis-9,10-Epoxyoctadecan-1-ol (7.43%) and Undec-10-ynoic acid(4.36%). FT-IR analysis of peak values with various functional compounds such as alcohols, phenols, carboxylic acids, aldehydes, amides, amino acids, anhydrides, esters, ketones, Unsaturated aliphatics, aromatics, unsaturated heterocycles, amines, Nitro compound, Alkanes, alkenes, sugars,Sulphur, phosphorus, and fluorine compounds. The present results concluded that the phytochemicals was observed in ethanol extract which revealed that the Papaver somniferum (Poppy seed) is potential use in different fields namely medical and pharmaceuticals and greatly valuable in medicinal practice for the treatment of several human aliments.

Keywords: GC-MS, FT-IR, Papaver somniferum L and NIST.

Doi : 10.18231/j.jpbs.2019.001

How to cite : Kumaravel S, Muthukumaran P, Nimia N, Phytochemical, GC-MS and FT-IR Analysis of Papaver somniferum L. J Pharm Biol Sci 2019;7(1):1-8

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and J Pharm Biol Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)