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The Journal of Community Health Management


A study on surveillance of vaccine preventable disease and adverse events following immunization


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Author Details : Vijaydeep Siddharth, Vivek Adhish, J. K. Dass

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2018

Article Page : 21-25


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Abstract

Introduction: The surveillance of public health problem is an important task in public health. It is essential to include Vaccine Preventable Diseases (VPD) surveillance in Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) in order to know its impact.
Aims: The present study was an attempt to examine the various aspects of existing surveillance system for vaccine preventable diseases and adverse event following immunization in Ghaziabad district of UP state in India.
Materials and Methods: This study was descriptive and observational in nature, and was carried out in Ghaziabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India for a period of four months from1st November 2008 to 28th February 2009. Dasna block in the district was selected through simple random sampling and all the Primary Health Centres and Sub-centres were studied.
Results: Study findings revealed that surveillance data on VPDs and AEFI is obtained mainly through routine reporting. More than 50% children immunized by 70% ANM reported back with complication. Once a VPD case and death is reported the preventive, therapeutic, anti epidemic measures and health camps are organised.
Conclusions: Sincere and sustained efforts are needed for implementation of surveillance programme for VPDs and AEFI as current picture is not very encouraging.

Keywords: Epidemiology, Surveillance, Vaccine Preventable Diseases (VPD), Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI)
Key messages: The manpower and infrastructure are usually in place, despite that the implementation of the surveillance of VPDs and AFEIs is lacking in different healthcare facilities. More stress should be laid on the training of the healthcare personnel in surveillance of VPDs and AEFIs, supervision and monitoring.

 

Doi : 10.18231/2394-2738.2018.0006

How to cite : Siddharth V, Adhish V, Dass J K, A study on surveillance of vaccine preventable disease and adverse events following immunization. J Community Health Manag 2018;5(1):21-25

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and J Community Health Manag. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)