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Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


Hepatotoxicity and hepatotoxicants: A systematic review


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Review Article

Author Details : Narayan Sah Sonar*, N C Nagalakshmi, Hemalatha S, Hariprasad MG

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 107-112


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Abstract

Liver act as metabolic factory of the body and metabolism of virtually every foreign substance. Its functioning is crucial for health and disease. Chemicals that cause liver injury are called hepatotoxicants. More than 950 drugs have been implicating in causing liver injury and were withdrawn from the market. Mechanism of hepatotoxicity induced by drug, immune based and genetic based toxicity. The drug models which are applied to study hepatotoxicity are Paracetamol, CCl4, Galactosamine, Alcohol, Azathioprine, Rantidine and different classof drugs cause acute and chronic liver injury.

Keywords: Hepatotoxicity, Hepatotoxicants, Mechanism, Liver injury, Drugs.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijpp.2019.024

How to cite : Sonar N S, Nagalakshmi N C, Hemalatha S, Hariprasad Mg, Hepatotoxicity and hepatotoxicants: A systematic review. Indian J Pharm Pharmacol 2019;6(4):107-112

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Pharm Pharmacol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)