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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Haematological profile in typhoid fever


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Author Details : Shilpa V. Uplaonkar, Syeda Heena Kauser, Mandakini B. Tengli

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 263-265


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Abstract

 Objective:

1.        To determine haematological changes in typhoid fever.

2.        To establish early diagnosis using haematological parameters for prompt treatment of the disease.

Materials and Method: This study was conducted at Khaja Banda Nawaz Institute of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital Kalaburgi from March 2015 to May 2015. 130 patients with suspected typhoid fever were included in this study and were confirmed by Widal test. Complete blood count was carried out in all these patients.
Results: A total of 130 cases of suspected typhoid fever were taken, out of which 58 (44.61%) were positive for typhoid fever and 72(55.38%) were negative. In majority of the positive cases, neutrophilia was seen in 23 cases (39.65%), anaemia in 20 cases (34.48%), leucocytosis in 13 cases (22.41%) and thrombocytopenia in 10 cases (17.24%).
Conclusion: To conclude, usually anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia are observed in typhoid fever but the present study demonstrated neutrophilia in patients who had complications like perforation, bronchopneumonia and urinary tract infection. Hence in patients with typhoid fever, neutrophilia indicates an evidence of complications.

Keywords: Typhoid Fever, Haematological Parameters

 

How to cite : Uplaonkar S V, Kauser S H, Tengli M B, Haematological profile in typhoid fever. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2017;4(2):263-265

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)