Covid Alert

Print ISSN:-2394-6784

Online ISSN:-2394-6792


Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 3

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 641

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 188

Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology

Comparative study of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), Pap smear and biopsy for cervical cytology

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Author Details : K. Pushpalatha, G. Raja Pramila, R. Sudhakar

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 232-236

Suggest article by email


Introduction: Cervical lesions are generally screened(1) with Pap smear test. However, the procedure is quite intensive and takes time. An effective alternate method is proposed by WHO with visual inspection of acetowhite areas in acetic acid test, which can be used in developing countries as it is cheap and results can be given immediately. Biopsy is considered confirmative test for same cervical lesions. Study was conducted to compare all these methods for diagnosis of cervical lesions and study the effectiveness of acetic acid (VIA) test.
Materials and Method: A total number of 543 cases of Women with unhealthy cervix, aged between 20 to 70 years who fulfill the selection criteria were included in the study. Pap smear and VIA were done in these cases. Cervical biopsy was done in positive cases. All these methods were compared.
Results: A total of 543 women between age groups 20- 70 years were included in the study. Out of 543 women 29 (5.34%) found to be positive with acetic acid test (VIA).
Conclusion: The acetic acid test found to be 93.5% accurate when compared with Pap smear, so acetic acid test can be used effectively for screening the cervical lesions. For further diagnosis, Pap smear shall be used. However, biopsy is confirmative.

Women, Cervix, VIA, Pap smear, Biopsy

How to cite : Pushpalatha K, Pramila G R, Sudhakar R, Comparative study of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), Pap smear and biopsy for cervical cytology. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2017;4(2):232-236

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (