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Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 2

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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Spectrum of oral cancers in a tertiary care hospital in industrial belt of Haryana, India


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Research Article

Author Details : Sujata Raychaudhuri, Reetika Menia*, Mukta Pujani, Mitasha Singh, Kanika Singh

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 253-258


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Abstract

Oral cancer is amongst the three top cancers in India, accounting for more than 30% of all cancers reported
in the country. It is also the leading cause of cancers in males in India. Faridabad district in Haryana is the
9th largest Industrial estate in Asia.
Objective: To study the spectrum of oral cancers in the Industrial belt of Haryana, Faridabad.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive analysis was conducted on biopsies of oral cancers at ESIC
Medical College and Hospital, Faridabad. The hospital based cancer registry data for oral cancers have
been presented over a period of 30 months (2016-19). This centre caters to patients working in factories,
who are covered under ESI scheme and have monthly income of less than 21,000 INR. The data was
collected based on patient record.
Result: A total of 130 cases of oral cancers were studied and tongue was the commonest site (40.5%)
with ulcero-proliferative growth. Male: female ratio was 5.5:1. The highest presentation was noted in the
4th decade (30.7%) with male predominance of 85%. Ulcer was the most common presentation in 57%
(75/130). Moderately differentiated tumours were noted in 53% (70/130) of cases. Majority of the cases
presented with history of smoking.
Conclusion: This lower age of presentation of oral cancers with tongue as the commonest site and high
incidence of tobacco smoking among patients who represent the lower middle socioeconomic strata of
society and mostly are factory workers alarm us to focus on predisposing factors.

Keywords: Oral cancer, Tongue, Smoking, Young, Industrial belt, India

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijpo.2020.048

How to cite : Raychaudhuri S, Menia R , Pujani M, Singh M , Singh K, Spectrum of oral cancers in a tertiary care hospital in industrial belt of Haryana, India. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2020;7(2):253-258

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)