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CODEN : IJPOF3

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Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 2

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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Correlation between Gleason score of adenocarcinoma prostate and serum PSA levels in the western Himalayan region of India


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Research Article

Author Details : Kavita Kumari, Neelam Sharma*, Sarita Asotra, Satyendra Sharad, Renu Sharma

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 223-227


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Abstract

Background: The diseases of the prostate gland are the major cause of morbidity and mortality among
adult males worldwide. Prostate cancer is the most common malignant tumour in men over the age of
65 years. The present study was done to evaluate the histomorphological spectrum of malignant lesion
of prostate and to establish the correlation between S.PSA (Serum Prostate-Specific Antigen) levels and
Gleason’s grade in the Western Himalayan region of India.
Materials and Methods: Histopathological examination of 100 prostatic tissue was done. Serum PSA
assessed and its values were correlated with Gleason’s grading of prostate cancer.
Result: Malignancy was found in 29 per cent of cases. Conventional adenocarcinoma encountered in 96.6
per cent cases. Undifferentiated carcinoma was reported in 3.4 per cent cases. Serum prostate-specific
antigens level was increased in 93.1% of malignant cases. More than 10ng/ml was seen in 68.9 per cent
cases. Mean S.PSA level in malignancy was 122.9ng/ml. The Commonest Gleason’s score being seven
(37.9 percent).
Conclusion: This prospective study concluded that there is a higher percentage of prostatic carcinoma in
the Western Himalayan region of India. PSA is found to be a sensitive marker for the diagnosis of prostate
cancer. With a cut off value 4ng/ml sensitivity was found to be 93.75% and specificity was 46.15%, and
there is a positive correlation between Serum PSA level and Gleason’s grading. Mean serum PSA level of
moderately and poorly differentiated carcinoma was 32.15ng/ml and 325.3ng/ml respectively.

Keywords: Adenocarcinoma, Gleason’s grading, Prostate, Serum PSA level.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijpo.2020.043

How to cite : Kumari K , Sharma N , Asotra S, Sharad S, Sharma R , Correlation between Gleason score of adenocarcinoma prostate and serum PSA levels in the western Himalayan region of India. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2020;7(2):223-227

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)