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IP International Journal of Ocular Oncology and Oculoplasty


Microbial study of chronic dacryocystitis in adults


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Author Details : K. Kalaivani

Volume : 3, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 133-136


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Abstract

Aim: To study the incidence, clinical presentation, bacteriological profile with its sensitivity, treatment and complications associated with chronic dacryocystitis in adult patients in and around Karaikal.
Materials and Methods: Hundred patients of age more than twenty years of both sexes with chronic dacryocystitis with the positive regurgitation test attending our outpatient department were enrolled for the study. Patients with the history of previous sac surgery and those who failed to come for regular follow up were excluded from the study.
Results: Mean age of our patients was Forty years. Highest incidence of chronic dacryocystitis was between Forty to Fifty years and less common between Twenty to Thirty years. There were more female than male. Eight patients had bilateral involvement. Majority of our patients were fishermen and housewives. Sixty Four patients had complete block and Thirty six had partial block. Fifty Four had mucopurulent discharge, twenty four had purulent and remaining all had regurgitation of clear fluid. Four patients had associated ENT problems. Out of hundred and eight samples studied, Forty Six were positive for Staphyococcus aureus, Twenty positive for Streptococci pneumonia, Ten for Staphylococcus epidermidis, seven for Psuedomonas aeroginosa, five for Klebsiella and remaining ten showed no growth. Majority of the strains were sensitive to fluroquinolones. Fifty four patients underwent dacryocystorhinostomy and Forty Six had dacryocystectomy.
Conclusion: Bacteriological analysis of chronic dacryocystitis has been gaining importance to prevent the vision threatening complications.

Keywords:
Chronic dacryocystitis, Microbiological analysis, Sensitivity

How to cite : Kalaivani K, Microbial study of chronic dacryocystitis in adults. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2017;3(2):133-136

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)