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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


A cross sectional study to analyse the pervasiveness and risk factors of antepartum depression in pregnant women


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Author Details : Rekha Garlapati, Dhaval Kumar Rasiklal Dharani, Manjula Rao, Tejaswini

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 365-371


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Abstract

Introduction: Pregnancy being a major psychological, as well as, physiological event it is also one of the delighted moments in a women’s life, but for most of them it’s a time of confusion, fear, anxiety, stress and even depression, with an excess of chronic life stressors they find themselves unable to cope with the additional demands of pregnancy.
Aims and Objectives: To determine the pervasiveness and risk factors of ante partum depression in a cohort of 300 pregnant women attending outpatient department of obstetrics and gynecology at Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital and Research Centre, Hyderabad.
Settings and Design: A Prospective, observational, cross-sectional study.
Methodology: 300 pregnant women attending antenatal out patient department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Durgabai Deshmukh hospital and research centre between April 2016 to November 2016 were screened for ante partum depression using EPDS (Edinburg postnatal depression score) questionnaire.
Statistical Analysis: Student’s ‘t’ test was applied to analyze the data and P value <0> Results: 22.66% i.e., 68 of 300 subjects had ante partum depression. Ante partum depression was most commonly seen in age group of 25-30 yrs. Poor family support and partner violence has statistical significance in development. Socio economic status, Region, Parity and Gestational age showed no statistical significance in our study.
Conclusion: Ante partum depression is pervasive among pregnant women in Hyderabad; due to lack of awareness, future research in this area is recommended to elucidate the impact of depression during pregnancy and associated obstetric risk factors.

Keywords: EPDS, Pregnancy, Depression, Ante partum, Risk factors.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-2754.2018.0084

How to cite : Garlapati R, Dharani D K R, Rao M, Tejaswini, A cross sectional study to analyse the pervasiveness and risk factors of antepartum depression in pregnant women. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2018;5(3):365-371

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)