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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


To study causes of maternal mortality in tertiary care centre, south Gujarat over a period of 2 years


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Author Details : Ritesh Sondawale, Dhwani Desai, Ragini Verma

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 176-179


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Abstract

Introduction: Pregnancy is not a disease state but sometimes it leads to severe morbidity and carries risk for mortality. Maternal death not only affect family but it also has an impact on society as well as nation. Maternal mortality rate is reflection of the quality of health care services provided by the country to the women population.
Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of maternal deaths using facility based maternal death review forms supplied by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Government of India filled by doctor on duty at that time as a baseline document.
Results: This study shows that major cause of maternal mortality in tertiary care centre was hypertensive disorders of pregnancy however hypertensive disorder of pregnancy alone was not the only cause of maternal death, it was complicated with different other causes like ARDS, APH, HELLP syndrome, PPH, Sickle cell disease, ARF, DIC, severe Anaemia and many others. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy contributed 33% of all deaths whereas Sepsis (12%), Hepatitis (10%), Haemorrhage (8%), Heart Disease (7%), Anaemia (5%), ARDS (5%), Sickle Cell Crisis (4%), Amniotic Fluid Embolism (2%), Diabetes Mellitus (2%) and others (12%).
Conclusion: Most maternal deaths are preventable by optimum antenatal, intranatal and postnatal care. Early referral of high risk pregnancies to tertiary care centre will definitely change the outcome.

Keywords: Maternal mortality, Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, Sepsis.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-2754.2018.0040

How to cite : Sondawale R, Desai D, Verma R, To study causes of maternal mortality in tertiary care centre, south Gujarat over a period of 2 years. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2018;5(2):176-179

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)