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IP Journal of Otorhinolaryngology and Allied Science

Awareness of hearing loss, vocal hygiene and vocal abuse among autorickshaw drivers in Mumbai

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Original Article

Author Details : Shivani Prabhu, Shreya Parab, Siddhi Kadam, Arun A. Banik*

Volume : 2, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 95-100

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Introduction: Auto-rickshaw drivers spend significant amount of time in an environment that is noisy and polluted with toxic gases which seems to affect the systems involved in speech production and hearing. Moreover, harmful life­style, stressful occupational conditions and improper vocal hygiene during working hours act as contributing factors. 
Aim: To determine the awareness of hearing loss, vocal hygiene and vocal abuse with associated risk factors like exposure to continuous noise, air pollution and smoking respectively among auto-rickshaw drivers in Mumbai.
Study Design: Survey
Materials and Methods: This questionnaire-based study included 56 randomly selected auto-rickshaw drivers from different areas of Mumbai whose age ranged between 22 to 72 years with a mean age of 42.34 years.
Results: 20% participants reported a decrease in hearing sensitivity since they had started driving an auto-rickshaw. About 29.09%of participants agreed that background noise has an impact on voice quality.
Conclusion: Majority of auto-rickshaw drivers are unaware about noise induced hearing loss, permanent threshold shift and vocal misuse.

Keywords: Noise induced hearing loss, Occupational noise induced hearing loss, Vocal abuse, Vocal hygiene, Auto-rickshaw drivers.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijoas.2019.003

How to cite : Prabhu S, Parab S, Kadam S, Banik A A, Awareness of hearing loss, vocal hygiene and vocal abuse among autorickshaw drivers in Mumbai. J Otorhinolaryngol Allied Sci 2019;2(4):95-100

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and J Otorhinolaryngol Allied Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (