Print ISSN:-2394-546X

Online ISSN:-2394-5478

CODEN : IJMR06

Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 2

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 667

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 223

Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


A profile of vancomycin-resistant enterococcal infections and a comparison of resistance detection methods


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Stephen K. Mathew*

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 408-414


Suggest article by email


Abstract

Scope: Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are being increasingly reported from hospitals across the world. This study provides a profile of enterococcal infections and compares various methods of detecting vancomycin resistance.
Materials and Methods: All clinically significant isolates of enterococci over a 2-year period were included. Antibiotic susceptibility was carried out as per CLSI guidelines. Vancomycin resistance was detected by 3 methods: disk diffusion, agar screen, E-test. The 3 methods were compared.
Results: 156 clinical samples yielded Enterococcus spp. over the study period. Maximum resistance was noted to penicillin, erythromycin, and ciprofloxacin. E. faecium strains showed a higher percentage of resistance to the antibiotics tested. 15 (9.6%) enterococcal strains were resistant to vancomycin; 10 (6.4%) strains were intermediate. Compared to E-test, disk diffusion and agar screen had sensitivities of 100%. Disk diffusion had 97.2% specificity and agar screen demonstrated 92.9% specificity.
Conclusion: Prevalence of VRE in Indian hospitals is increasing. Though disk diffusion had a higher specificity than the agar screen at identifying resistant isolates, intermediate strains were identified as sensitive. BHI agar containing 6 µg/ml of vancomycin can be used to screen for VRE, and E-test can be used to confirm resistance.

Keywords: Bacterial infections, Enterococcus, Drug resistance, Vancomycin, Vancomycin resistance.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-5478.2018.0085

How to cite : Mathew S K, A profile of vancomycin-resistant enterococcal infections and a comparison of resistance detection methods. Indian J Microbiol Res 2018;5(3):408-414

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)