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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


“Comparative evaluation of Sexually Transmitted and Non Sexually Transmitted, Reproductive tract infection at tertiary care centre in western Rajasthan, India”


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Author Details : Priyanka Soni, Smita Kulsrestha, R.S. Parihar, P.K. Khatri

Volume : 3, Issue : 2, Year : 2016

Article Page : 107-112


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Abstract

Introduction: Reproductive Tract infections among women of reproductive age group {including both sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) & Non STI} are responsible for major ill health and have important concern as these are associated with risk of HIV Transmission & complications like Pelvic inflammatory Disease (PID), Infertility etc. This study was conducted to determine prevalence of microorganism & their antibiogram & their association with socio demographic profile & menstrual hygiene.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study included 200 women with discharge of 15-44 year age. Detail history was taken about their socio demographic data, Symptoms & menstrual hygiene; vaginal or endo cervical swab & blood sample (for serological diagnosis of syphilis) were collected.
Results: Among STI most common infection is Candidiasis (45.6%) & Bacterial Vaginosis (27.8%) whereas among Non STI Esch. coli (27.3%) & Staph. aureus (26.4%). Among STI most common symptom was lower abdominal Pain & Lower backache whereas in Non-STI Vulvular itching & fever.  Both STI & Non STI shows statically significant positive association with Labourer population & who uses cloth during their menstrual period whereas STI also shows statically significant positive association with younger, lower education & lower socio economic status population. Staph. aureus highly sensitive to linezolid, vancomycin whereas Esch.coli was most common gram negative bacteria & highly sensitive to imipenem & piperacillin-tazobactum.
Conclusions: To conclude, by proper assessment of Prevalence & risk factor of STI and Non STI & by health education, we can reduce these infection & antibiotic resistance by prudent use of antibiotics.

Key Words:
Reproductive tract infection, STI, Non-STI

How to cite : Soni P, Kulsrestha S, Parihar R, Khatri P, “Comparative evaluation of Sexually Transmitted and Non Sexually Transmitted, Reproductive tract infection at tertiary care centre in western Rajasthan, India”. Indian J Microbiol Res 2016;3(2):107-112

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)