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IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Antibiotic resistance pattern of urinary isolates in a Rural Medical College of Maharashtra


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Author Details : Sanjaykumar More, Sourabh Chakraborty, Sandeep L. Nilekar, Deepali M. Kulkarni, Rajesh S. Ovhal

Volume : 3, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 79-82


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Abstract

Objective: To determine resistance pattern of urinary isolates in a rural medical college of Maharashtra.
Methods: Urine samples were collected using midstream clean catch method in clinically diagnosed UTI cases from august 2016 to February 2017. A total of 320 samples were analyzed under supervision of qualified microbiologist. Antibiotic sensitivity of isolated microorganisms were tested for commonly used antibiotics by Kirby bauer technique.
Results: Out of 320 samples 200 were positive. The pathogens isolated were E.coli 60 (30%), Pseudomonas 45 (22.5%), Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus 35 (17.5%) & Klebsiella 30 (15%). E.coli being the most common isolate. The isolates showed high degree resistance for Amoxycillin & Cotrimoxazole.
Conclusion: 62.5% of samples showed significant growth. Moderate yield suggest moderate clinical correlations in suspected cases of UTI. E.coli showed low level resistance to Nitrofurantoin (1.67%), Amikacin (3.34%), Norfloxacin (13.3%) & high degree resistance to Cotrimoxazole (63.34%), Piperacillin + Tazobactam (50%), fluoroquinolones (27.04%). It’s very clear from the study E.coli is the MOC infecting uropathogen & developing resistance against the commonly used antibiotics.

Keywords
: Uropathogens, Antibiotic resistance, Urinary tract infections

How to cite : More S, Chakraborty S, Nilekar S L, Kulkarni D M, Ovhal R S, Antibiotic resistance pattern of urinary isolates in a Rural Medical College of Maharashtra. IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis 2017;3(2):79-82

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)