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IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Occurrence of intestinal parasitic infestation in patients suffering from gastro-intestinal disturbance


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Research Article

Author Details : Sanil Yadav, Sudhir Singh*, Umar Farooq, Shweta R Sharma, Vasundhara Sharma

Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 117-119


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Abstract

Introduction: Intestinal parasitic infections are the most common infection in the world, and are
responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality. It is estimated that 3.5 billion people are affected
globally and 450 million are ill as a result of these infection, the majority being children. Potable water
supplies in the rural and urban areas are responsible for the high rate of intestinal parasitic infection. These
parasites dwell in the gastrointestinal tract in humans and other animals in urbanized countries, protozoan
parasites commonly cause gastrointestinal infections.
Aim: Occurrence of intestinal parasitic infestation in patients suffering from gastro-intestinal disturbance.
Objectives: To determine the frequency of intestinal parasitic infestation and to identify the most common
intestinal parasites causing gastrointestinal disturbance on the basis of age and sex.
Materials and Methods: Stool sample to be collected in a dry, clean, wide mouthed sterile screw capped
labelled 50 ml capacity plastic containers, under standard techniques after proper history of the patients.
The stool sample were examined for the presence of mucus, blood, color, consistency and any segment or
adult worm.
Result: Out of 95 stool sample 31 sample were positive for intestinal parasites in which egg of Hookworm
(19) was most common among all followed by Giardia lamblia (6), E. histolytica (2), Taenia Spps (1),
Strongiloides stercoralis (1)Ascaris lumbricoides (1) & H. nana (1).
Conclusion : The prevalence of 32.63% parasitic infection in this study shows that intestinal parasitic
infections are still important public health problem in our region and are due to low standard of personal
hygiene, poor technique of hand hygiene, non-usage of hygienic latrine, poor sanitation and an illiterate
population. A multisectoral control approach of mass deworming programs and hygiene education to the
student and parents is required to control parasitic infection.

Keywords: Hookworm, Gastrointestinal symptoms, Stool sample, Parasitic infection.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijmmtd.2020.025

How to cite : Yadav S, Singh S, Farooq U, Sharma S R, Sharma V, Occurrence of intestinal parasitic infestation in patients suffering from gastro-intestinal disturbance. IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis 2020;6(2):117-119

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)