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IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Awareness of Hepatitis B infection among second year medical students and their vaccination status


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Research Article

Author Details : Mita D Wadekar, Sathish J V*, Vamsi Muni Krishna

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 210-213


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Abstract

Introduction: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is a life-threatening infection and also one among the occupational
hazard for health care personnels. Medical students represent high risk groups for HBV infection. This
study aims to assess the awareness of hepatitis B infection among second year medical students and their
vaccination status.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 136 second year medical students.
A questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire included 12 questions about routes and
modes of transmission, symptoms, sequelae, treatment and prevention of HBV. The students were also
asked about their vaccination status and the reasons for not getting vaccinated.
Results: All 136 (100%) students had knowledge regarding the causative agent and organ involvement.
128(94.1%) and 125(91.9%) students were aware of modes of transmission and symptoms respectively.
117(86%) knew about carrier state. 132(97%)students considered hepatitis B to be preventable and
116(85.3%) were aware of inclusion of hepatitis B vaccine in national immunization schedule. 106(77.9%)
students knew about HBsAg as screening marker and only 68(50%) students had awareness regarding
antiviral therapy as treatment method. 125(92%) were aware about route of administration of vaccine.
133(97.8%) were vaccinated, 2(1.5 %) students were incompletely vaccinatedand 01(0.7%) was not
vaccinated.
Conclusion: Overall awareness regarding hepatitis B is relatively good with high vaccination rate of
97.8%. It is recommended to vaccinate all non vaccinated students and measures need to be taken to
create complete awareness.

Keywords: Awareness, Hepatitis B, Medical students, Vaccination status.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijmmtd.2019.048

How to cite : Wadekar M D, Sathish J V, Krishna V M, Awareness of Hepatitis B infection among second year medical students and their vaccination status. IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis 2019;5(4):210-213

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)