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IP Indian Journal of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine


A Study of clinical and radiological findings in chronic cor pulmonale


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Author Details : Suresh Kumar Cherlopalli, Narendra Kumar Narahari

Volume : 3, Issue : 1, Year : 2018

Article Page : 7-11


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Abstract

Background: Cor pulmonale is defined as an alteration in the structure and function of the right ventricle (RV) of the heart caused by a primary disorder of the respiratory system. Pulmonary hypertension is often the common link between lung dysfunction and the heart in cor pulmonale. Right-sided ventricular disease caused by a primary abnormality of the left side of the heart or congenital heart disease is not considered cor pulmonale, but cor pulmonale can develop secondary to a wide variety of cardiopulmonary disease processes.
Materials and Methods: Total 102 patients were included in the study with complaints of respiratory symptoms and relevant clinical signs with the aim of studying the commonest respiratory disease leading to cor pulmonale.
Results: Out of 102 patients, 85 were males and 17 females; smoking and agricultural pollutants were the common predisposing factors; and the most common disease leading to cor pulmonale was pulmonary tuberculosis with COPD of various etiologies.
Conclusions: Cor pulmonale is a state of cardiopulmonary dysfunction that may result from several different etiologies and pathophysiologic mechanisms. The prognosis for a particular patient with corpulmonale is inextricably linked to that of the underlying pulmonary disease or disorder. Long-term treatment and follow-up is required for better survival and better quality of life.

Keywords: Cor pulmonale; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); Tuberculosis.

Doi : 10.18231/2456-012X.2018.0003

How to cite : Cherlopalli S K, Narahari N K, A Study of clinical and radiological findings in chronic cor pulmonale. IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med 2018;3(1):7-11

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)