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IP Indian Journal of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine


One year prospective study of swine flu (H1N1) outbreak in Bhopal– 2015, Madhya Pradesh


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Research Article

Author Details : Sudeep Pathak*, Gopal Batni

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 33-37


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Abstract

Introduction: Objectives of this study was to detect the incidence of Swine flu (H1N1) in Bhopal during
one year period; to assess the detail gender distribution of the swine flu; to assess the distribution of disease
in various age groups; to correlate with the risk factors; and to observe the trend of disease during different
months.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional observational study was done to detect the incidence of Swine
Flu (H1N1) in the City of Bhopal during one year period, between 1st January 2015 to 31st December
2015.
Result: We collected a total of 2210 samples. Total 588 cases found positive for H1N1. Most patients
(294) affected in age group were above 45 years, which is 64.09% of total positive cases. Subsequently,
187 patients were found to be positive in age below 11 years. Thirdly, there were 67 patients in age between
25-45 years.
Conclusion: It was observed that the male patients, particularly in his late 4th decade, fifth, sixth and
seventh decade were most susceptible for swine flu (H1N1). Subsequently, quiet closely patients in their
childhood were susceptible for infection with swine flu. There were certain pre-existing illness which were
notorious to cause rapid deterioration, morbidity and death in these patients.

Keywords: Influenza virus, Pandemics, Swine flu.


Doi : 10.18231/j.ijirm.2020.007

How to cite : Pathak S, Batni G, One year prospective study of swine flu (H1N1) outbreak in Bhopal– 2015, Madhya Pradesh. IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med 2020;5(1):33-37

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)