IP International Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicological Sciences

Challenges in forensic examination of photocopied document

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Article Type : Original Article

Author Details: Reeta R. Gupta

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2456-9615

Print ISSN : 2581-9844

Article First Page : 12

Article End Page : 14


In the modern age of digitalization and development of sophisticated all-in-one-machine, it has become apparent that the criminals/forgers are using more advanced methodology to commit a crime and they are also aware about the possibility of their identification through their handwriting examination using various writing instruments on paper. Hence, they are using an alternative option by opting machine generated forged documents in place of original document i.e. the photocopied document to eliminate the original identifying features of genuine document. They are forgetting the fact that every act of criminal activities remains the trace of evidence to connect with the criminal activities if noticed and scientifically examine by the forensic experts. Examination of photocopied signatures/ handwritings in order to ascertain the authorship of the writer is not an easy task. In this article, the author is focused on challenges and problems encountered by the forensic document experts in examination of photocopied documents (signatures and handwritings). Article further discusses about a simplified and systematic approach to conduct examination of photocopied document in order to express opinion for their true value of justice along with understanding the limitations of the forensic document field.

Keywords: Photocopied documents, Photocopier machine, Handwriting, Examination.

Doi No:-10.18231/2456-9615.2018.0003