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Volume: 5 , Issue: 1

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IP International Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicological Sciences

Coronoid process of mandible, a hidden tool in forensics

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Research Article

Author Details : Tauseefa Jan*, Rayees Ahmad Sheikh, Bashir Ahmad Wani

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 27-30

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Introduction: Mandible plays a vital role in sex determination because of some special features like it is the most dimorphic, largest, strongest and mobile bone of skull. Gender of an unknown individual can be determined from the morphology and metric features of skull and mandible, soft tissues, as well as by DNA analysis of teeth. The variations in shape of coronoid process of mandible may acts as anthropological markers, to assess different populations & races.
Materials and methods: Eighty panoramic radiographs (160 sides) 40 males and 40 females were selected from the patients who reported in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology for treatment.
Results: In the present study it was found that most common type of the coronoid process in both genders was the triangular type followed by hook and rounded types. It was also found in the present study that the condylar height is more in males (average height in males is 60.55±5.6 mm.) than females (average height in females is 54.87 ±5.6mm).The right condylar process is longer (average height is 58.41±5.6 mm) than the left coronoid process (average height is 57.01±5.6 mm).
Conclusion Coronoid process is considered as one of the hidden tool in forensics which can be effectively used for the sex determination for medico legal purposes and maxillofacial surgeons and plastic surgeons for reconstructive purposes.

Keywords: Panoramic radiograph, Anthropological analysis, DNA analysis.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijfmts.2020.007

How to cite : Jan T, Sheikh R A, Wani B A, Coronoid process of mandible, a hidden tool in forensics. IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci 2020;5(1):27-30

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (