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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Prevalence and determinants of protein energy malnutrition among under five children in slums of Kannauj district


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Author Details : Tanu Midha*, Seema Nigam, D S Martolia, Samarjeet Kaur

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2018

Article Page : 218-222


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Abstract

Introduction: Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) in children is a leading public health problem in developing countries like India and is a direct or indirect cause of most of infant and child morbidity and mortality.
Objective: To study the prevalence and determinants of protein energy malnutrition among under five children of Kannauj district.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional study conducted among children in the age group 0-60 months in the slums of Kannauj district. The statistical tools used for analysis were percentages, Pearson's Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression.
Results: The prevalence of PEM in the study population was found to be 59.1%. The study revealed a significant association of age (OR=0.438), timing initiation of breast feeding (OR=0.682), colostrum feeding (OR=0.364), practice of breast feeding (OR=3.611) and initiation of complementary feeding at 6 months (OR=2.651) were significantly associated with PEM.
Conclusion: The present study emphasizes the need to correct behavioural factors like breast feeding practices among Indian mothers to bring down the problem of PEM in under five children.

Keywords: PEM, Under five children, Malnutrition, Determinants.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-6776.2018.0050

How to cite : Midha T, Nigam S, Martolia D S, Kaur S, Prevalence and determinants of protein energy malnutrition among under five children in slums of Kannauj district. Indian J Forensic Community Med 2018;5(4):218-222

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Forensic Community Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)