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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


A study on primary open angle glaucoma in systemic hypertensives in patients in a tertiary care centre


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Research Article

Author Details : Shrinivas M Ganagi, Sarita R J Gonsalves*, Nelly Nazareth

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2019

Article Page : 155-158


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Abstract

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of world blindness. There are many risk factors influence development of POAG. Systemic hypertension is one of the risk factors and is one of cause for gradual progressive loss of vision in old age. A hospital based study of prevelence of POAG was carried out as hospital bases study on systemic hypertensive patients attending DM WIMS hospital from 01/07/2017 to 30/06/2018. A total of 400 patients with systemic hypertension between 50-80 years of age attending department of Ophthalmology, DM WIMS hospital are evaluated for POAG and complete ocular and clinical examination were performed.
The significance of study parameters between two or more groups was determined by Chi square test and correlation coefficient analysis done to find out relation between intraocular pressure (IOP) and blood pressure level. In this study -3.75% of POAG cases were presenting the systemic hypertensive population (as compared to 2.56% in normal population) and IOP was found to be significantly correlated with blood pressure levels. Among the cases diagnosed as POAG, 4.05% were males and 3.27% were females. Hence, patients of systemic hypertension should be screened for POAG and monitoring of IOP and blood pressure levels to be done at regular intervals.

Keywords: Systemic hypertension, Intraocular pressure, Primary open angle glaucoma, Tonometry, Blood pressure.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2019.038

How to cite : Ganagi S M, Gonsalves S R J, Nazareth N, A study on primary open angle glaucoma in systemic hypertensives in patients in a tertiary care centre. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019;5(2):155-158

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)