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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


To estimate the prevalence and type of ocular trauma


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Author Details : Mahendra Kumar Meena, Vijay Gupta

Volume : 4, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 320-323


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Abstract

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and type of ocular trauma patients admitted and referred to department of ophthalmology, RNT Medical College, and associated group of hospital Udaipur, from May 2016 to Oct. 2017.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study conducted over a period of 1.5 year in which all patients of Ocular injury admitted or referred in department of ophthalmology, RNT Medical College and associated groups of hospital, Udaipur. After enrollment a thorough clinical examination with torch light and slitlamp will be carried out. Slit lamp examination includes documentation of size of tear, its location, involvement of visual axis, iris prolapse, cataract formation and IOFB.
Results: Out of 30 patients 4 are females and 26 are males. Male female ratio was 6.50:1. Mean age of patients injured was 27.1. Percentage of injured patient’s admission was high during winter season (40%). Most of the patients (60%) come in hospital with in 24 hours of injury. Work place was the most common place (56.66%) of injury followed by home (26.66%). Wooden stick were most common object causing injuries in both male (38.46%) and female (50%). The incidence of open globe injuries (86.66%) was more than closed globe injuries (13.33%).
Conclusion: Males are more prone to injury than females in all age groups. Rural environment is more exposed to ocular injury. Work place was the most common place of injury in male and female. Open globe injury is main culprit for hospitalization in ocular trauma.

Keywords: Corneal tear, Ocular trauma.

Doi : 10.18231/2395-1451.2018.0072

How to cite : Meena M K, Gupta V, To estimate the prevalence and type of ocular trauma. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018;4(3):320-323

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)