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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Etiopathogenesis of posterior segment inflammation in a tertiary referral institute

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Author Details : Gopal S. Pillai, Natasha Radhakrishnan, Sandhya A. Menon

Volume : 3, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 138-141

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Aim: To analyze the causes and characteristics of posterior segment inflammation in the Vitreo-retinal department in a multispecialty hospital.
Methods: This is a retrospective study on 97 patients who presented with manifestations of posterior segment inflammation in a multispecialty hospital in the last 2 years were included in the study. They were analysed with respect to aetiology, clinical manifestations, intervention done and response to treatment.
Results: Posterior segment inflammation was most commonly seen as a manifestation toxoplasmosis (18.6%) followed by systemic vasculitic disorder like SLE (16.5%). Other common causes included infections like tuberculosis, (9.3%) endogenous (bacterial and fungal endophthalmitis (12.4%) and viral retinitis. Others were VKH, vasculitis with unknown etiology, Behcets disease and sarcoidosis.
Conclusions: We found toxoplasmosis to the commonest single etiological agent. There was a significantly higher incidence of posterior segment involvement due to systemic vasculitis in our study population which is hitherto been unreported in other study populations.

Posterior Uveitis, Vasculitis, Endophalmitis, Inflammation

How to cite : Pillai G S, Radhakrishnan N, Menon S A, Etiopathogenesis of posterior segment inflammation in a tertiary referral institute. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017;3(2):138-141

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (