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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


Prevalence and severity of pruritus amongst patients with chronic kidney disease


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Author Details : Manish Kadam, Pranita Kadam

Volume : 4, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 215-220


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Abstract

Introduction: Skin problems are common and diverse in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pruritus is a highly prevalent condition in patients with chronic kidney disease. It is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety and depression which may contribute to reduction in quality of life. 
Objective: To study the prevalence and severity of pruritus among patients with chronic kidney disease.
Materials and Methods: An observational study was conducted in 77 consecutive chronic kidney disease patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis for more than 3 months at Manik hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India were studied during January 2015 to December 2015.
Results: Out of 77 patients, 51 (66.23%) of males and 26 (23.67%) of females were examined. The mean age was 51.17 years. Xerosis was the commonest manifestation (87.01%), followed by pruritus (57.14%). Mild pruritus was reported in 59.09% patients whereas severe pruritus was noted in 22.27% patients. High urea, phosphate and ALP levels were noted in severe pruritus group, but difference not statistically significant. 32 patients with pruritus on maintenance HD were followed over next 6 months. Out of 32 patients followed, 37.5% had no change in pruritus. Pruritus improved in 28.12%, while it actually worsened in 34.37% patients.
Conclusion: In this study, 57.14% of patients with chronic kidney disease experience pruritus. Gender, age, presence of DM, duration of dialysis was not statistically significant between pruritus and non-pruritus group. Also hematocrit was similar in pruritus and non-pruritus groups. There was no significant difference in calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase levels in pruritus and non-pruritus groups.

Keywords: Pruritus, Skin Disorders, Hemodialysis.

Doi : 10.18231/2581-4729.2018.0046

How to cite : Kadam M, Kadam P, Prevalence and severity of pruritus amongst patients with chronic kidney disease. IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol 2018;4(3):215-220

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)