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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


Clinical study of cutaneous lesions in neonates at a tertiary care centre


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Research Article

Author Details : Veeresh Dyavannanavar, P Ravindra Kumar*, Shashikant Malkud

Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 187-189


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Abstract

Background: Cutaneous problems in neonates have always been a significant part of paediatric
dermatology. They range from physiological transient conditions at one end to serious pathological entities
at the other.
Aim and Objective: To study the clinical pattern of various dermatoses in neonates at a tertiary care
centre.
Materials and Methods: This is a hospital based cross-sectional observational study conducted at tertiary
care centre. Total 100 neonates ( 28 days old) having any kind of cutaneous lesion were included in the
study. Detailed history, clinical examination was done in all neonates followed by recording each finding
and their statistical analysis.
Results: In the 100 neonates analysed, 53 were females (53%) and 47 (%) were males. 15 patients were
born preterm, 78 in term and 7 in post term. Most of the skin lesions were asymptomatic but only 16 were
having symptomatic skin lesion. Skin lesions in the study were physiological in 70%, pathological in 20%
and mixed in 10%.
Conclusion: Studying neonatal skin lesion is important to all dermatologists so that they are able to
differentiate physiological and pathological conditions, thereby avoiding unnecessary therapy for neonates
in circumstances not requiring any and also facilitating to allay undue anxiety among parents.

Keywords: Physiological, Pathological, Neonate, Skin.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijced.2020.037

How to cite : Dyavannanavar V , Kumar P R, Malkud S , Clinical study of cutaneous lesions in neonates at a tertiary care centre. IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol 2020;6(2):187-189

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)