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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


A clinico-epidemiological study on various patterns of facial dermatoses in adolescents attending a rural tertiary centre: A cross-sectional study


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Research Article

Author Details : Mithila Ravindranath*, M R Swaroop, Avik Ghosh, Yogesh Devaraj, Mouryabha Shale K S

Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 126-135


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Abstract

Background: Adolescence is a critical phase of transition with a myriad of hormonal changes occuring
the body to which the skin reacts in various ways. Since adolescent’s constitute one fifth of the Indian
population, dermatological disorders have an impact on their health- related quality of life, especially when
it occurs on face leading to considerable physical and psychological morbidity.
Objectives: 1. To study the prevalence of various facial dermatoses among adolescents (10-19 years). 2.
To study the clinical and epidemiological determinants of facial dermatoses among adolescent patients.
Materials and Methods: A total of 550 adolescents in the age group of 10-19 years presenting with facial
dermatoses to the outpatient department of Dermatology, Adichunchunagiri Institute of Medical Sciences,
B.G. Nagara, meeting the defined inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in this observational crosssectional
study after taking an informed consent from the guardian (for patients <18> of institutional ethical committee. A detailed history and thorough clinical examination was recorded in a
structured proforma. The diagnosis was based on detailed history and thorough clinical examination, and
relevant investigations were done when needed.
Results: The prevalence of adolescent facial dermatoses in the study was 7.3%. The mean age of sample
population was 15.792.6 years. There was a female preponderance in the study (M:F=1:1.4). Infections
and eczema showed association with lower middle class. Acne vulgaris (34.8%) was the most common
dermatoses followed by infections (15.3%) and eczema (12.9%).
Interpretation and Conclusion: Infections and eczema were common in lower middle class of
socioeconomic status. Acne vulgaris was the most common dermatoses followed by infections and eczema.

Keywords: Adolescence, Acne vulgaris, Facial dermatoses, Infection, Eczema, Socioeconomic status.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijced.2020.027

How to cite : Ravindranath M, Swaroop M R, Ghosh A, Devaraj Y, Mouryabha Shale K S, A clinico-epidemiological study on various patterns of facial dermatoses in adolescents attending a rural tertiary centre: A cross-sectional study. IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol 2020;6(2):126-135

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)