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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

Extra pulmonary tuberculosis: An anatomical perspective

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Research Article

Author Details : Mani Kathapillai*

Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2019

Article Page : 186-189

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Introduction: Extra-pulmonary Tuberculosis (EPT) amounts to about forty percent (40%) of the total epidemiology of Tuberculosis (TB). Detailed data of various systems and organ involvement of EPT is the objective of this article.
Materials and Methods: Data of the EPT were collected from Indian Journal of Tuberculosis (IJT) since 2010-2016 for a period of 7 years. Details of age, side of lesion, affected sex and immune status were recorded in an excel sheet. The data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2007, SPSS version 23 software.
Results: Total cases reported were 428, between 3-84 years. Females (220) were affected more than the males (186); genders of 22 cases were not specified. Genitourinary system was predominantly affected by EPT (213cases). Patients aged between 21- 40 were affected in highest percentage (69.39%) versus genitourinary system with a significant p-value of 0.000. Females were affected by EPT more than males with predominant involvement of the left side with a significant p-value of 0.000. Conclusion: This study provides significant information about the EPT with respect to the number of cases reported in a specified period and their age, gender, most common side of the disease. This study also highlights the predominant system involved by EPT and also the affected rare organs like tongue, clavicle, conjunctiva and breast.

Keywords: Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, Systems involved, Rare organs.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijcap.2019.042

How to cite : Kathapillai M, Extra pulmonary tuberculosis: An anatomical perspective. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2019;6(2):186-189

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (