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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


A cross - sectional study of palmar dermatoglyphic pattern in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at a hospital in South India


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Research Article

Author Details : Asha Shirahatti*, Daksha Dixit

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 503-508


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Abstract

Aim: To study dermatoglyphics of fingers and palms and to use it as a tool to screen the population for
the pre-disposition to diabetes mellitus, for risk reduction and early therapy. Materials and methods - The
study was conducted on 100 diabetic patients and 100 controls, age, sex matched. Quantitative parameters
like finger ridge count, a-b ridge count, total finger ridge count, absolute finger ridge count, atd, adt and
dat angles were studied. Qualitative parameters like finger ridge patterns were studied. Dankmeijer’s,
Furuhata’s and Pattern intensity index were calculated.
Results: Difference of a-b ridge counts, Absolute Finger Ridge Counts and Total Finger Ridge Counts
between cases and controls was statistically not significant. Adt angle was significantly more in cases
in right hand as compared to controls. Tad angle was less in cases in right hand as compared to controls.
Fingertip patterns in all digits combined and in both hands combined in cases and controls showed there was
a statistically significant increase in the number of loops in controls as compared to cases. Dankmeijer’s
index was significantly more in male and female controls. Furuhata’s index was significantly more in male
and female cases. Pattern intensity index was significantly more in female cases and controls as compared
to males.
Conclusion: Findings of the present study highlight on the possible dermatoglyphicmarkers. There were
many supporting and contradictory findings to studies conducted by other researchers, hence there is lot of
scope for further studies.

Keywords: Dermatoglyphics, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Finger prints, Dermatoglyphics, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Finger prints.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijcap.2019.110

How to cite : Shirahatti A, Dixit D, A cross - sectional study of palmar dermatoglyphic pattern in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at a hospital in South India. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2019;6(4):503-508

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)