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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Sex determination by talus: A comparative study


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Research Article

Author Details : Kavya*, Sowmya S, Sharmada K L

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 484-487


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Abstract

Introduction: Heel bone of Horses was used by the soldiers as dice; hence the heel bone became called
Taxillus means ’die’. The articular morphology of the human skeleton is subject to modifications by
stresses imposed upon it. Since it is a weight-bearing bone, sexual dimorphic features ensure the correct
identification of sex in optimum situations when the entire skeleton is present and well preserved and is
from a known population, the totality of sexually dimorphic features ensures the correct identification of
sex. However, the optimum situation is all too rare. Hence this study aims at the identification of the sex of
an unknown skeleton.
Materials and Methods: The materials for the present study consisted of 96 humans dry Tali of unknown
age and sex obtained from the Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Centre of basic
Sciences, Bejai, Mangalore and on X- Rays of 96 healthy normal subjects whose age and sex are known
who were referred as patients within the data collection period to the Department of Radiology, Kasturba
Medical College, Mangalore.
Results: The right-sided talus exhibited higher dimensions compared to the rest. By the demarcating point
method, only a very few Tali were sexed correctly, 14.58% (14) in dry talus.
Conclusion: The study provides indications that talus forms one of the important Bone for diagnosis of
sex and could be effectively used as an alternative in forensic cases.

Keywords: Sex determination, Talus, Radiology.


Doi : 10.18231/j.ijcap.2019.106

How to cite : Kavya, Sowmya S, Sharmada K L, Sex determination by talus: A comparative study. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2019;6(4):484-487

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)