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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Academic performance depends on chronotype: Myth or reality?


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Research Article

Author Details : Indla Yogananda Reddy, Rajani Santhakumari Nagothu*

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 471-474


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Abstract

Introduction: Chronotype refers to an individual’s preference in the timing of sleep and wakefulness.
Aim: This study targets to notice the relation between chronotype and academic performance of the first
year MBBS students.
Objectives: 1. To ascertain the chronotype of first year MBBS students 2. To harmonize the chronotype
and internal assessment theory marks. This is an educational observational study, conducted on hundred
first MBBS students in a medical college, located at sub-urban area of Hyderabad. Self-assessment
Morningness and Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) developed by James A. Horne and Olov O¨ stberg
is applied in segregating the students into different chrontype groups. MEQ is having 19 multiple choice
questions with four to five options against each question and with specific score for each option and the
scores can vary from zero to six. After completion of MEQ test, students were grouped accordingly. Mean
of the internal theory assessment marks and percentage of theory attendance for each chronotype group
was calculated. The relation between the chronotype, theory marks and percentage of theory attendance
was ascertained.
Results: There is no correlation between the MEQ scores and the first internal assessment theory marks,
though the marks are positively correlated with the theory attendance percentage.
Conclusion: Academic performance depends on chronotype, it is a myth not real.

Keywords: Academic Performance, Chronotype, Morningness and Eveningness, Questionnaire.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijcap.2019.103

How to cite : Reddy I Y, Nagothu R S, Academic performance depends on chronotype: Myth or reality?. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2019;6(4):471-474

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)