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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Comparison of parenting stress between parents of children with special needs and those with normal children: A special focus on paternal stress


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Research Article

Author Details : Sowmya P, Anitha Lakshmi*

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 415-417


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Abstract

Introduction: Parenting is a major form of stress, especially in children with special needs. Chronic
conditions of disability, may be medical, psychological or emotional, make extra demands on parents,
resulting in stress.
Objective : i) To evaluate parenting stress among parents (mother & father) of children with special needs
and normal children. ii) To compare parenting stress among fathers of special children and normal children.
Materials and Methods: Parenting stress was assessed using Sheldon Cohen Perceived Stress Scale
questionnaire on i) Parents of 10 0 special needs[study group (i)] and 10 0 normal [control group (ii)]
children aged between 5 and 12 years. ii) Fathers of 100 special needs children [study group (ii)] and
fathers of 100 normal children [control group (ii)]. The Questionnaire was provided to both parents, they
were seated separately in order to avoid bias. Statistical analysis was done using Unpaired t-test.
Results : i) The study group scored higher as compared to the control group with their means and standard
deviations being (18.914 + 5.24) and (16.12 + 4.18) respectively. The statistical value of significance (p
value) is 0.000 9. ii) The fathers of children with special needs scored higher than fathers of normal children
with their means and standard deviations being (18.61 + 4.78) and (16.43 + 3.32) respectively, with the p
value being 0.02.
Conclusion: The parents of special children had significantly higher parenting stress levels as compared to
the parents of normal children and fathers of special need children were more stressed than the fathers of
normal children. It is important to address this stress as it could lead to impairments of overall quality of
life in both parents and their child or children.

Keywords: Parenting stress, Paternal stress, Children with special needs.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijcap.2019.090

How to cite : Sowmya P, Lakshmi A, Comparison of parenting stress between parents of children with special needs and those with normal children: A special focus on paternal stress. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2019;6(4):415-417

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)