Print ISSN:-2394-4781

Online ISSN:-2394-4994

CODEN : IJCACT

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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


Comparison of motor blockade, sensory blockade and duration of analgesia between dexmedotomidine and dexamethasone as an adjuvant to bupivacaine in axillary block


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Author Details : Gunaseelan S, Arun Kumar. J*

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 437-439


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Abstract

Introduction: Axillary block with Bupivacaine mixed with adjuvants like dexmedetomidine, a more selectivealpha2 adrenoreceptor agonist, induces faster onset of blockade, delays the absorption of local anaesthetic and prolongs its action. Steroid adjuvants like dexamethasone can decrease inflammation at the same time demonstrated prolonged analgesic effect. The study aimed at comparing the efficacy of these adjuvants in affecting regional block onset and duration.
Materials and Methods: This Randomized, uncontrolled, single blinded, two-arm, concurrent parallel trial was conducted during January to March 2017 among 60 participants posted for forearm and hand surgeries randomly allocated into two groups viz: Group A: 30 subjects given a mixture (30ml) of Bupivacaine (0.25%) and Dexamethasone (8mg) and Group B: 30 subjects given 30ml a mixture (30ml) of Bupivacaine (0.25%) and 1 ml of dexmedotomidine (100µg). The intra and post-operative outcomes of the two groups were compared statistically.
Results: The onset of motor and sensory blockade was significantly (p<0> Conclusion: Dexmedotomidine when compared with Dexamethasone used as an adjuvant to Bupivacaine in axillary block for forearm and hand surgeries showed marked efficacy in terms of earlier onset of action, prolonged blockade and longer duration of post-operative analgesia.

Keywords: Bupivacaine, Axillary block, Dexmedotomidine, Dexamethasone.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-4994.2018.0081

How to cite : Gunaseelan S, Arun Kumar. J, Comparison of motor blockade, sensory blockade and duration of analgesia between dexmedotomidine and dexamethasone as an adjuvant to bupivacaine in axillary block. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2018;5(3):437-439

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)