Print ISSN:-2394-4781

Online ISSN:-2394-4994

CODEN : IJCACT

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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


A randomized clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of two different doses of intravenous Nitroglycerine for manual removal of placenta


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Author Details : Shivanand L. Karigar*, D G. Talikoti, Basavaraj Patil

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 399-402


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Abstract

Introduction: After the birth of the baby if the placenta is not expulsed within 30 minutes of the delivery, it is termed as retained placenta. The incidence of retained placenta is 2% of deliveries world-wide and is an important cause for maternal mortality and morbidity. Nitroglycerine (NTG) is an organic nitrate that relaxes smooth muscles and produces a generalized vasodilatation. As it relaxes the smooth muscle, it is also used as a uterine relaxant for manual placental removal.
Aims and Objectives: To know the efficacy and safety of intravenous NTG in manual removal of placenta and to know the hemodynamic effects during the procedure.
Materials and Methods: Total number of patients included in this study were 40. Patients were divided in two groups, each group having 20 patients each. Group 1 patients were administered with 100 microgm of NTG and group 2 patients with 150 microgm of NTG. Clinical parameters and complications were studied and compared between the two groups. Placenta was observed for separation and graded as easily separated, separated with assistance, difficult to separate, failed to separate. The clinical parameters like hypotension, tachycardia, headache after awakening, palpitation after awakening were compared between the two groups.
Results: In group 1, we observed that placenta was easily separatedin 12 patients (60%), separated with assistance in 3 patients (15%), difficult to separate in 3 patients (15%) and in 2 patients (10%) placenta was not separated. In group 2, we observed that, placenta was easily separated in 14 patients (70%), separated with assistance in 2 patients (10%), difficult to separate in 2 patients (10%) and in 2 patients (10%) placenta was not separated.
Conclusion: Intravenous NTG is an effective and safe method for manual removal of placenta with a dose of 100 microgram.

Keywords: Intravenous, Nitroglycerinr, Retained placenta.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-4994.2018.0075

How to cite : Karigar S L, Talikoti D G, Patil B, A randomized clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of two different doses of intravenous Nitroglycerine for manual removal of placenta. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2018;5(3):399-402

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)