Print ISSN:-2394-4781

Online ISSN:-2394-4994

CODEN : IJCACT

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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


The effect of nutritional protocols on mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care unit: A randomised controlled study


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Author Details : Shipra Singh, Suruchi Ambasta*

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 378-382


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Abstract

Introduction: Critically ill patients are prone to develop malnutrition which is a major contributory factor to the already existing burden of morbidity and mortality. Early nutrition support is an effective therapy to prevent malnutrition when patients are unable to take oral nutrition.
Aim: To determine the effectiveness of a nutrition support protocol versus non-protocol management on initiating nutrition support in ICU patients.
Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled study was conducted on fifty critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation with twenty five patients in each group. Nutrition protocols were followed in Group I patients and group II comprised of nonprotocolised patients.
Results: Hospital stay for group I patients was 22.7 days while group II patients stayed for 31.9 days (p-value <0> Conclusion: Patients in whom nutrition support protocols were followed received enteral nutrition earlier, had early weaning from ventilator, spent less time in ICU as well as hospital and had lesser complications with low mortality.

 Keywords: Enteral nutrition, Nutrition protocol, Malnutrition, Mechanical ventilation, ICU.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-4994.2018.0071

How to cite : Singh S, Ambasta S, The effect of nutritional protocols on mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care unit: A randomised controlled study. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2018;5(3):378-382

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)