Print ISSN:-2394-4781

Online ISSN:-2394-4994

CODEN : IJCACT

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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


A clinical comparative study of 0.2% levobupivacaine with 25 mcg fentanyl versus 0.2% ropivacaine with 25 mcg fentanyl for post-operative epidural analgesia in patients undergoing lower limb orthopaedic surgeries


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Author Details : Sudarshan M. Boregowda, Basavanna P. Linganna, Santosh K. Raju

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 237-243


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Abstract

Objectives: The objectives of our study were to compare the efficacy and safety of 0.2% Levobupivacaine with 25 mcg Fentanyl and 0.2% Ropivacaine with 25 mcg Fentanyl given epidurally for post-operative analgesia in patients who were operated electively for lower limb orthopaedic conditions under spinal anaesthesia.
Materials and Methods: Sixty patients belonging to American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) Class I and II of both sexes, of age within 20 - 60 years were included in the study after obtaining institutional ethical committee clearance.
Patients were divided randomly into 2 groups: Group - LF which received 8 ml of 0.2% Levobupivacaine with 25 mcg Fentanyl and Group - RF which received 8 ml of 0.2% Ropivacaine with 25 mcg Fentanyl. Surgery was conducted under spinal anaesthesia. Later 8 ml of the test drug combination was given epidurally in the post-operative period when the patient complained of pain (VAS score > 4) and the parameters were recorded periodically until pain reappeared (VAS score > 4).
Results: In both the groups mean duration of surgery, changes in haemodynamics and demographic profiles were comparable. However the total duration of post-operative analgesia in Levobupivacaine group was 325 +/- 63.06 minutes and in Ropivacaine group was 210 +/- 24.91 minutes respectively and this appeared to be statistically significant.
Conclusion: Compared to 0.2% Ropivacine with 25 mcg Fentanyl, 0.2% Levobupivacaine with 25 mcg Fentanyl provides intense and longer duration of post-operative analgesia with similar haemodynamic stability.

Keywords: Levobupivacaine, Ropivacaine, Fentanyl, Post-operative analgesia, Local anaesthetics.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-4994.2018.0044

How to cite : Boregowda S M, Linganna B P, Raju S K, A clinical comparative study of 0.2% levobupivacaine with 25 mcg fentanyl versus 0.2% ropivacaine with 25 mcg fentanyl for post-operative epidural analgesia in patients undergoing lower limb orthopaedic surgeries. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2018;5(2):237-243

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)