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CODEN : IJCACT

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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF EFFICACY OF EMLA CREAM (EUTECTIC MIXTURE OF LOCAL ANESTHETIC) AND A PLACEBO (NORMAL SALINE) IN PRODUCING DERMAL ANALGESIA FOR VENOUS CANNULATION


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Author Details : Shrinivas.T.R, Ravi kumar

Volume : 2, Issue : 1, Year : 2015

Article Page : 27-31


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Abstract

Background: Venous cannulation is the most commonly performed invasive procedure in hospital patients. It is painful and associated with a high incidence of vasovagal reactions and pressor responses in patients.
Objectives: The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of eutectic mixture of local anesthetic cream in producing dermal analgesia for venous cannulation.
Material and Method: 200 patients were selected randomly of either sex, and divided into two groups. In group-I EMLA cream was applied and in group-II normal saline (placebo) was applied. Pain for intravenous cannulation was assessed by VAS scale.
Results: The mean pain score for venous cannulation in patients with EMLA cream was very less when compared to the placebo group.
Conclusion: EMLA cream is effective in producing dermal analgesia in response to venous cannulation.

Keywords: Dermal analgesia, EMLA cream, Venous cannulation.

How to cite : Shrinivas.t.r, Kumar R, COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF EFFICACY OF EMLA CREAM (EUTECTIC MIXTURE OF LOCAL ANESTHETIC) AND A PLACEBO (NORMAL SALINE) IN PRODUCING DERMAL ANALGESIA FOR VENOUS CANNULATION. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2015;2(1):27-31

Copyright © 2015 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)