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CODEN : IJCACT

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Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 2

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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


To evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine infusion versus fentanyl infusion for sedation during awake fibreoptic intubation (AFOI)


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Research Article

Author Details : Ashwini Rajesh Sonsale*, Jyoti Kale

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 233-237


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Abstract

Background: Awake fibreoptic intubation (AFOI) is a great aid in an anticipated difficult airway like in
maxillofacial surgeries. For providing patient’s comfort and cooperation various drugs are used. In this
study we evaluated efficacy of Dexmedetomidine and Fentanyl for sedation during AFOI.
Materials and Methods: It is randomized prospective double blind study. It was conducted on patients
electively posted for maxillofascial surgery. 60 patients were randomly divided in two groups. Group D
received Dexmedetomidine 1mg/kg and Group F received Fentanyl 2mg/kg over 10 minutes. Patients from
both groups were prepared with intravenous glycopyrrolate0.2mg and nebulization with 4% lidocaine 4ml.
Nasal AFOI was performed with spray (10% lidocaine) as you go technique. Parameters analysed are
intubation score by cough score and vocal cord movement, post intubation score, Ramsay sedation score,
hemodynamics with incidence of desaturation. Also satisfaction score and time taken for intubation were
compared in 2 groups.
Result: Cough score, vocal cord movement, postintubation score, Ramsay Sedation Score (RSS), patient
satisfaction score were favourable in dexmedetomidine group without much difference in time taken for
intubation in both groups. Minimum hemodynamic response (p value<0> (p value< 0> Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine appeared to offer better intubation condition, better tolerance to intubation
with higher patient satisfaction and hemodynamic stability. Also it provides adequate sedation without
desaturation making it more effective for AFOI than fentanyl.

Keywords: AFOI, Dexmedetomidine, Fentanyl.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijca.2020.042

How to cite : Sonsale A R, Kale J, To evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine infusion versus fentanyl infusion for sedation during awake fibreoptic intubation (AFOI). Indian J Clin Anaesth 2020;7(2):233-237

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)