IP Archives of Cytology and Histopathology Research


Etiological spectrum of adults presesenting with malabsorption: Experience at a tertiary centre


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Author Details: Anshu Singh, Vatsala Misra, Anu Singh, Kachnar Varma, SP Misra

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2456-9267

Print ISSN : 2581-5725

Article First Page : 33

Article End Page : 38


Abstract

Introduction: Malabsorption occurs due to different causes and the clinical presentation varies with the underling etiology. Very few studies have been done to determine the etiological spectrum of malabsorption in northern India.
Aim: To assess the etiology in patients presenting with malabsorption and to study clinical, haematological, biochemical, serological, endoscopic and histological features of these patients.
Materials and Methods: Clinical assessment of 91 cases presenting with malabsorption complains in the gastro OPD was done along with vitamin B12 and fecal fat estimation. Relevant haematological, serological investigations, endoscopy was done. Duodenal biopsy was taken. Data was obtained and analysed. All patients clinically presenting with malabsorption were included in the study. The patients excluded were those, who refused for endoscopy or participation in the study.
Results: The most common causes of malabsorption were non-specific duodenitis(42.8%), celiac disease (CD)(18.7%), tropical sprue (TS) (8.8%), giardiasis(3.3%), eosinophilic enteritis (2.2%), lymphangiectasia(1.1%), abetalipoproteinemia(1.1%) and 22% cases were normal histologically. The principal features differentiating celiac disease and tropical sprue were also noted. Patients with CD more often had anemia, scalloping of folds on endoscopy, moderate or severe villous atrophy and increased intraepithelial lymphocytes, in comparison to patients with TS.
Conclusion: CD is commoner than TS. Though histology is gold standard for the diagnosis of CD, TS and other intestinal mucosal diseases, correlation of histological findings with clinical, hematological, endoscopic and serological findings is important as subtle histological changes may be missed depriving the patient of proper treatment.

Keywords: 
Celiac disease, Diarrhea, Malabsorption, Tropical sprue, Villous atrophy, IELs.

Doi No:-10.18231/2456-9267.2018.0007