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IP Archives of Cytology and Histopathology Research


Seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible viral infections in blood donors of tertiary health care hospital in Karnataka


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Original Article

Author Details : Jayanthi K J, Shanti Jyothi K*

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 131-134


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Abstract

Backgraound: Blood transfusion and its components are significant in saving millions of lives around
the worldwide every year. Few, but serious complications are associated with Blood transfusion such
as exposure to transfusion -transmissible infections (TTI), in particular: Human immunodeficiency
virus(HIV)Hepatitis B Virus(HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV). Therefore, methodical pre transfusion
testing of blood units for transfusion transmissible diseases is compulsory as per National Aids Control
Organization (NACO) guidelines.
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of transfusion transmissible viral infections among blood donors in
our tertiary health care hospital in Bangalore, Karnataka.
Materials and Methods: The study comprised of retrospective analysis of blood donor’s records covering
from January 2015 to December 2018 (4 years) in the department of Blood bank, Sanjay Gandhi institute
of trauma and orthopedics, Bangalore.
Results: A total of 8728 blood donors were screened for TTIs between 2015 to 2018.
Conclusion: Although there were a smaller number of transfusion transmissible viral infection among
blood donors, methodical and comprehensive screening of donor’s blood for HIV, HBV and HCV using
standard methods are essential to ensure the safety of blood to the recipients.

Keywords: Sero prevalence, Transfusion transmitted infections, Blood donors.


Doi : 10.18231/j.achr.2020.027

How to cite : Jayanthi K J, Shanti Jyothi K, Seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible viral infections in blood donors of tertiary health care hospital in Karnataka. IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res 2020;5(2):131-134

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)