Abortion is the removal of an embryo or a fetus before it is able to survive outside the uterus. Spontaneous abortion is identified as the unintentional expulsion of an embryo or a fetus before the 24th week of pregnancy. About 50% of miscarriages are attributed to chromosomal aberrations such as structural changes or abnormal chromosomal numbers. The increased age of more than 35 years for both partners has a considerable role in adverse pregnancy outcome and is 50% significantly higher if the age of the mother is 42 years or more. Other factors such as ethnicity, psychological status of the female partner, feeling of stress, hormonal abnormalities, very low or very high body mass index (BMI), infectious diseases, use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, smoking and addiction to alcohol have also been correlated with recognizably higher rates of spontaneous abortion or miscarriage. Premature birth or preterm birth is the condition where pregnancy ends before 37 weeks of gestation resulting in a live-born infant. Stillborn is a term refers to the fetus that dies in utero after viability or during delivery.
Dr. Sundus Fadhil Hantoosh
She is a lecturer in Forensic DNA Center for Research and Training/AL-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq. She got Ph.D. in immunology in 2017. She published many valuable articles in well-known world journals. She published two other books concerning female reproductive system and female infertility.
Dr. Dheaa Shamikh Zageer
He got Ph.D. in nuclear analytic chemistry in 2008. He is now assistant professor and the director of Forensic DNA Center for Research and Training/AL-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq. He is teaching in the College of Science/Chemical Department at AL-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq. He was lecturer in Jordan University of Science and Technology-Faculty of Science, Amman, Jordan, 1998- 1999. He was production engineer and head of Research and Development Department of the Quality Control in Riyadh Group of Companies Jordan-Amman for the period 1991-2001. He got Country Award in Chemistry for the year 1995 and 1996. He is founding member and member of Administrative Organization group of university professors. He is founding member and member of the Administrative Board of Candles Network. He is member of the Iraqi Chemical Syndicate. He is member of the Iraqi Association of Parasical. He is secretary in Iraq-Chapter-ACS. He participated as a member of discussion committees for the master students. He published many valuable articles in well-known valuable world journals.
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